Ongoing Projects/進行中のプロジェクト

<1> Relations with China in Asia in Comparative Perspectives: Approaches from Four-factor Model


This project aims to analyse dynamics of Sino-Japan relations and identify its characteristics by comparing bilateral relations between Asian countries and China. Most of the previous researches focused on historical analysis of specific area like security, economic ties, diplomacy, and linkage of domestic politics, but this project tries to integrate these areas together to identify dynamics of Sino-Japan relations in a more systematic and comprehensive way by putting Sino-Japan relations in a more broad context This project also aims to connect China experts in Asia together and promote dialogues between China experts in Japan and those in Asian countries to enrich social scientific China studies.

Period: 2016-19 FY

Source of Fund: Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)


Akio Takahara (高原明生), Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo, Japan <project leader>

Shigeto Sonoda (園田茂人), Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, The University of Tokyo,Japan

Shin Kawashima (川島真), Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan

Tomoo Marukawa (丸川知雄), Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan

HIroshi Itagaki(板垣博), Faculty of Economics, Musashi University, Japan

Tomoki Kamo(加茂具樹), Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University, Japan

Kazuko Kojima(小島華津子), Faculty of Law, Keio University, Japan

Ki’ichi Fujiwara(藤原帰一), Graduate School of Law and Politics, The University of Tokyo, Japan

Yasuhiro Matsuda (松田康博), Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, The University of Tokyo, Japan

Akihiko Tanaka(田中明彦), Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, The University of Tokyo, Japan


<2> From Accumulation of Time-series Data to Creation of Social Change Model: Challenges of Four-city Survey Third Wave / Finished

Outline: As the rise of China has been catching a lot of attention, empirical long-term research on Chinese society is strongly needed.  As proposer of this project has been in charge of two waves of Four-city (Tianjin, Chongqin, Shanghai, and Guanzhou; N=1,000 in each city) in 1998 and 2006, third wave survey (2014) was planned to trace continuities/discontinuities of changes in these cities.   (1) Conduct of third wave survey, (2) creation of integrated data set, and (3) the creation of social change model of China are the main missions of this research project.  Well-known international experts will be invited to seminars or workshops to exchange ideas on this newly created social change model.

Period: 2013-16 FY

Source of Fund: Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)


Shigeto Sonoda (園田茂人)/ Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies,  The University of Tokyo, Japan

Local Partner:

Yunkang Pan (潘允康)/ Institute of Sociology, Tianjin Academy of Social Science, China


<3>Beyond China Threat Paradigm: Dialogue with China Experts on the Rise of China/ Finished

Outline: The rise of China has been a very hot topic among scholars for more than a decade. “China’s Threat”, “China’s Collapse” “Power Shif” and “China’s Peaceful Rise” are discussed from different angles in different countries in different contexts. These arguments sometimes reflect the “reality” which is constructed by the “relation” between the observers and the observed.  Perception toward the rise of China is different from China and out of China or from one country to another, which provokes us to ask ourselves what make such different perceptions. In this project, leading China experts from Australia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Philippines, US, and Japan, who can have a bird view on intellectual argument on the rise of China as well as local people’s perception toward China in their counties, will get together and exchange ideas how these countries are arguing the rise of China from what angles for what reasons.

Period: 2014-15 FY (Finished)

Source of Fund: Suntory Foundation


David S. G. Goodman / China Studies Centre, The University of Sydney, Australia

Emile Kok-Kheng Yeoh(楊國慶)/ Institute of China Studies, University of Malaya,Malaysia

Wang Jenn hwan (王振寰) / Center for China Studies, National Chengchi University, Taiwan

Peter Hayes Gries / College of International Studies Department of International & Area Studies, The University of Oklahoma, USA

Aileen SP. Baviera / Asia Center, University of the Philippines, Philippines

Shigeto Sonoda (園田茂人)/ Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, The University of Tokyo, Japan <project leader>


<4>Political Risk” and Human Mobility: International Collaborative Research on the Rise of China / Finished

Outline:  Senkaku 尖閣(Diaoyu釣魚) islands issues highlighted China’s political risk to the Japanese businessmen. According to Nikkei-CSIS Virtual Think-tank Survey conducted in 2012, among 3,307Japanese businessmen with higher status of section manager, 56.4% regarded significance of Chinese market for Japanese economy as  “Indispensable, but decrease its importance,” which can be explained by their strong concerns about the political risks in China.      In reflection, however, Japanese businessmen have been concerning different types of political risk in China since 1980s and tried to justify their actions by using different types of reasons.  In the initial stage of Chinese investment, top leaders in big cooperation used “sense of guilty” and “contribution to China” as justification of their commitment to investment to China in spite of several hardships.  Recently, however, few business leaders mention about the “war memory” when they start their business in China, which suggests that the logic and contents of justification of transnational investment/transaction is changing, depending upon the changing China-Japan relations.

     A group of researches called Taishang Yanjiu 台商研究(Researches on Taiwanese merchants) has emerged in Taiwan, focusing on the behaviors of Taiwanese businessmen in mainland China.  In most cases, however, these researches have been conducted solely in China-Taiwan (Cross-strait) relations, without having any international comparative perspectives.  It would be a great challenge if we put other country’s cases to think of the scope/limit of Taishang Yanjiu.

       This international collaborative research will put some countries (Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, and Germany) as cases to think of the historical development process of foreign direct investment to China, focusing on businessmen’s perception of political risk and their justification of investment in China from chronological/comparative perspectives. Members of the project are recruited mainly from Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan and Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, the University of Tokyo, both of which have promoted academic exchange since 2010.

Period: 2013-14 FY (Finished)

Source of Fund: Research and Information Center for Asian Studies, Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia


Shigeto Sonoda(園田茂人)/University of Tokyo, Japan

Tomoiki Kamo(加茂具樹)/Keio University, Japan <project leader>

Hyun-sun Lee (李賢鮮)/University of Tokyo, Japan)

Michael Hsin-Huang Hsiao (䔥新煌)/IOS, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

Chih-Jou Jay Chen (陳志柔)/IOS, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

Jieh-min Wu (呉介民)/IOS, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

Joon-shik Park/Hallym University, South Korea)

Fabian J. Froese/University of Goettingen, Germany)


2016, How to Cope with ‘China Risks’: The Challenges of Japanese, Korean, and Taiwanese Firms (co-editor with Michael Hsiao Hsin-Huang), University of Tokyo Press (Japanese)


<5>Second Wave of Asia Student Survey, 2013 / Finished

Outline:      The future of Asia is on younger generations. How do they perceive the past, present, and the future of Asia? How they design their own career and study plan?  How these individual desires construct the future of Asia? In order to answer the questions above, it is necessary to conduct the survey. When I was in Waseda University and managed Global COE program “Global Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia,” I initiated Asia-wide extensive survey called Asian Student Survey, whose information can be accessible in the following website.     

After five years’ interval, I decided to conduct the second wave survey to see how Asian students’ answers to the questions above have or have not changed. By working with students of University of Tokyo and Waseda University, we covered 18 Asian elite universities and collect 200 samples from each university.

Period: 2013 FY(Finished)

Source of Fund: Research and Information Center for Asian Studies, Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia


Shigeto Sonoda (Professor, University of Tokyo)                       

Hyun-sun Lee (Associate Professor, University of Tokyo)           

Jiyuan Zhang (Ph.D. student, University of Tokyo)                        

Yiren Lin (Ph.D. student, University of Tokyo)                 

Kaori Takahashi (Ph.D. student, Waseda University)           

Hiroshi Terada (MA student, University of Tokyo)                   

Yasuaki Morii (4th grade student, Waseda University)       

Ryota Mugiyama (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)     

Takashi Suzuki (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)                   

Yutatsu Machimoto  (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)

Ken Takakusa  (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)   

Tate Kihara  (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)

Keiichiro Nagashima  (4th grade student, University of Tokyo)

AyumiI Hagiwara (4th grade student, Waseda University)     

Aya Inoue  (4th grade student, Waseda University)               

Mayu Kawazoe (4th grade student, Waseda University)                

Akari Yanagisawa  (4th grade student, Waseda University)  

Kohta Nagahama (3rd grade student, University of Tokyo)         

Yusuke Ide  (3rd grade student, University of Tokyo)               

Masaya Ueno(3rd grade student, University of Tokyo)            

Satoshi Akagi (3rd grade student, University of Tokyo)      

Kaoru Sonoda (3rd grade student, University of Tokyo)

Local Partners:

Chul-kyu Kim (Korea University, South Korea)                                  

Lan Li (Fudan University, China)                                                       

Tai-lok Lui (University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)                          

Jyh-Jer ko  (National Taiwan University, Taiwan)                               

Hong-zen Wang (National Sun-Yat Sen University, Taiwan)          

MIchiyo Yoneno-Reyes (Asia Center, University of  Philippines, the Philippines)                  

Ern-Ser Tan (National University of Singapore, Singapore)

Publication: 2015, Linkage and Estrangement in East Asia (editor), Keiso Shobo (Japanese)